Catherine Hardy

Photo of Catherine Hardy

Associate Professor

Rm 4065
H70 - Abercrombie Building
The University of Sydney
NSW 2006 Australia

Telephone +61 2 9036 9064
Fax +61 2 9351 7294


Catherine is an Associate Professor of Business Information Systems. Her research and teaching is interdisciplinary, involving the connection of scholarly disciplines in business such as accounting, information systems and management with technology and foresight studies and engagement with practitioners and policy makers in these professional fields. She currently teaches data governance and accounting information systems into the undergraduate and postgraduate curriculum and has been a recipient of the Dean’s Citation for Outstanding Teaching. Catherine holds the position of Program Director of the Bachelor of Commerce overseeing the program of study.

Research Interests

As an interdisciplinary researcher, Catherine focuses on the relation between technological innovation, governance and socio-technical change. Digital technologies are challenging core assumptions in business about control, assurance and professional responsibilities. Catherine’s research program is oriented towards examining complex socio-technical change involved in business practice and implications for managing risk, designing control and governance arrangements across various empirical settings including the private and public sector. Her current research carries forward these interests into four interdisciplinary projects.

1. The impact of big data and business analytics on organizational control and management accounting practice.

This longitudinal study is being conducted with colleagues from the Business School and at the University of Bristol. The project is focused on how ‘big’ data, analytics tool and accountabilities are materialised as socio-technical forms, how innovation networks are built and resistance overcome. The project will assist in developing understanding about the potential and the challenges offered by analytics and the role of diverse professionals in their manufacture.

2. Scale and scaling of IoT: from digital sensor to global information infrastructure

This interdisciplinary study is being conducted with colleagues from the Enterprise of Things (EoT) Lab located at the University of Koblenz-Landau. The aim of this research projects is deepen understanding of the Internet of Things (IoT) and digital transformation through an interdisciplinary examination of matters of scale, scaling and cross-scale dynamics in IoT information infrastructures. The IoT is widely acknowledged as a key driver in transforming business and society. Yet to date limited attention has been directed towards organisational issues and considerable uncertainty remains about scale, nature, timing and impact of the associated digital transformation.

3. Cyber Security, Governance and Failure

The imperative for effectively governing cyber security is widely recognised across the globe as cyber-attacks and reports of major data breaches escalate. However significant challenges remain, for example in developing capabilities, designing policy and managing risk, notwithstanding the attention directed towards security and governance over the past decade and more. Two projects have been designed and are being conducted: (1) with a colleague in the Business School and (2) as part of a PhD candidature in the BIS discipline. The first is examining cases of security breaches for the purpose of broadly developing understanding about patterns of failure and potential tensions between perceptions of control as a problem or solution in these landscapes. The second project is broadly focused on how cyber security governance is experienced and constituted in practice and across different contexts.

4. Nanoparticles and People: Consumer behavior and regulatory frameworks

This is a joint project with colleagues in the Business School and the Nano Institute. The first phase of the project is to examine the impact of nano-particles on consumer behavior and the implications for policy and regulation.

Selected publications


Journal Article

Hardy C, and Levine L (2018) The Control Paradox EDPACS: the EDP audit, control and security newsletter, 58 (1), 1-18. [More Information]

Conference Proceeding

Chapman C, Chua W, and Hardy C (2018) The Dispersed Materiality of Organizing: A Field-Study of the Practice of Analytics Academy of Management (AOM) Specialized Conference: Big Data and Managing in a Digital Economy; Academy of Management, Guildford, United Kingdom, 18-20 April 2018.


Conference Proceeding

Raduescu C, Leonard J, and Hardy C (2016) Course Design Principles to Support the Learning of Complex Information Infrastructures The 27th Australasian Conference on Information Systems (ACIS 2016); Australasian Association for Information Systems (AAIS), Wollongong.


Journal Article

Hardy C, and Laslett G (2015) Continuous auditing and monitoring in practice: Lessons from Metcash's business assurance group The Journal of Information Systems, 29 (2), 183-194. [More Information]

Conference Proceedings

Bunker D, Hardy C, Babar A, and Stevens K (2015) Exploring Practitioner Perspectives of Sourcing Risks: Towards the Development of an Integrated Risk and Control Framework 26th Australasian Conference on Information Systems ACIS; University Of South Australia, Adelaide.

Hardy C (2015) Business analytics and continuous assurance: theoretical matters, practice issues and future directions 48th Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences HICSS 2015; IEEE Computer Society, Piscataway. [More Information]

Book Chapter

Laslett G, and Hardy C (2015) Implementing Continuous Auditing and Continuous Monitoring in Metcash - Change, Capabilities, and Culture Audit Analytics and Continuous Audit: Looking Toward the Future; American Institute of Certified Public Accountants, Inc., New York, 157-167.


Journal Articles

Hardy C (2014) The Messy Matters of Continuous Assurance: Findings from Exploratory Research in Australia The Journal of Information Systems, 28 (2), 357-377. [More Information]

Hardy C, and Tolhurst D (2014) Epistemological Beliefs and Cultural Diversity Matters in Management Education and Learning: A Critical Review and Future Directions Academy of Management Learning and Education, 13 (2), 265-289. [More Information]

Hausmann V, Williams S, Hardy C, and Schubert P (2014) Enterprise Information Management Readiness: A survey of current issues, challenges and strategy Procedia Technology, 16, 42-51. [More Information]

Williams S, Hausmann V, Hardy C, and Schubert P (2014) Managing enterprise information: meeting performance and conformance objectives in a changing information environment International Journal of Information Systems and Project Management, 2 (4), 5-36. [More Information]


Journal Article

Williams S, Hardy C, and Holgate J (2013) Information security governance practices in critical infrastructure organizations: A socio-technical and institutional logics perspective Electronic Markets, 23 (4), 341-354. [More Information]

Conference Proceedings

Leonard J, Hardy C, and Raduescu C (2013) Using Technical Artefacts in the Development of a Sociotechnical Curriculum for Business Education 24th Australasian Conference on Information Systems (ACIS2013); RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia.

Williams S, Hausmann V, Hardy C, and Schubert P (2013) Enterprise 2.0 Research: Meeting the Challenges of Practice 26th Bled eConference 2013 - “eInnovation: Challenges and Impacts for Individuals, Organizations and Society�?; University of Maribor Slovenia, Bled, Slovenia.


Williams S, Hardy C, Hausmann V, and Schubert P (2013) 2013 Enterprise Information Management Survey: Report on Preliminary Findings; Information Design Lab, Koblenz, 4-24.


Conference Proceedings

Hardy C (2012) Internal auditors, managers and the framing of continuous monitoring: A case study of an Australian wholesale company 18th Americas Conference on Information Systems AMCIS 2012; Association for Information Systems (AIS), Seattle, United States. [More Information]

Hardy C, and Williams S (2012) Thinking about identities of information professionals: Exploring the concept of intersectionality 20th European Conference on Information Systems ECIS 2012; ESADE, Barcelona, Spain.

Holgate J, Williams S, and Hardy C (2012) Information Security Governance: Investigating Diversity in Critical Infrastructure Organizations 25th Bled eConference 2012 - eDependability: Reliable and Trustworthy eStructures, eProcesses, eOperations and eServices for the Future; University of Maribor, Bled.


Journal Article

Hardy C, and Williams S (2011) Assembling E-Government Research Designs: A Transdisciplinary View and Interactive Approach Public Administration Review, 71 (3), 405-413. [More Information]

Conference Proceedings

Hardy C (2011) Exploring Continuous Assurance in Practice: Preliminary Insights 15th Pacific Asia Conference on Information Systems PACIS 2011; Association for Information Systems (AIS), Australia.

Hardy C, and Leonard J (2011) Governance, risk and compliance (GRC): Conceptual muddle and technological tangle 22nd Australasian Conference on Information Systems (ACIS 2011): Identifying the Information Systems Discipline; Association for Information Systems (AIS), Sydney.

Williams S, and Hardy C (2011) Information Management Issues and Challenges in an Enterprise 2.0 Era: Imperatives for Action 24th Bled eConference 2011 – eFuture: Creating Solutions for the Individual, Organisations and Society; Faculty of Organizational Sciences, University of Maribor, Slovenia, Slovenia.


Conference Proceeding

Hardy C, and Williams S (2010) Managing Information Risks and Protecting Information Assets in a Web 2.0 era 23rd Bled eConference 2010 - eTrust: Implications for the Individual, Enterprises and Society; University of Maribor, Slovenia.


Hardy C, and Williams S (2010) Developing an information capability: Practitioner survey and focus group findings.


Journal Article

Hardy C, and Williams S (2008) E-government policy and practice: A theoretical and empirical exploration of public e-procurement Government Information Quarterly, 25 (2), 155-180. [More Information]

Conference Proceeding

Hardy C, and Williams S (2008) Making e-Government Research Designs Visible: Reflexivity and Collaborative Research The 4th International Conference on e-Government (ICEG 2008); Academic Publishing Limited, United Kingdom.


Journal Article

Williams S, and Hardy C (2007) Update on e-Procurement in Australia Procurement Professional.

Conference Proceeding

Williams S, and Hardy C (2007) E-procurement: current issues & future challenges 15th European Conference on Information Systems ECIS 2007; Association of Information Systems, USA.


Journal Article

Williams S, Scifleet P, and Hardy C (2006) Online business reporting: An information management perspective International Journal of Information Management, 26 (2), 91-101. [More Information]

Conference Proceeding

Williams S, and Hardy C (2006) Constructing the meaning of document retention: A policy research agenda IADIS International Conference e-Society 2006; IADIS Press, Lisbon, Portugal.


Williams S, Elliot S, Langfield-Smith K, Hardy C, and Custodio M (2006) NeRPA Report on the Findings of the 2006 Australian National e-Procurement Survey.


Journal Article

Williams S, and Hardy C (2005) Public eProcurement as socio-technical change Briefings in Entrepreneurial Finance (Strategic Change), 14 (5), 273-281.

Conference Proceeding

Hardy C, and Williams S (2005) Public eProcurement in action: Policies, practices and technologies Towards electronic democracy (TED) Conference on e-Government - Electronic democracy: The challenge ahead; Springer, Bozen-Bolzano, Italy.


Williams S, Elliot S, Langfield-Smith K, Custodio M, and Hardy C (2005) National eProcurement research project Australia (NeRPA).


Conference Proceeding

Hardy C (2004) Strategic Information Systems Planning For E-Business: Theoretical Insights And Empirical Issues Multi-disciplinary Solutions to Industry & Government's E-Business Challenges : IFIP WG8.4 Working Conference on E-Business 2004; Trauner Druck, Laxenburg, Austria.

Selected grants

2018 - 2020



Recent Units Taught

  • BUSS4000 Honours in Business

  • BUSS4001 Business Honours Research Methods

  • BUSS6002 Data Science in Business

  • INFS2050 Data Governance and Technology Assurance

  • INFS5000 Accounting Information Systems

Newsroom articles

  • Surviving Digital Disruption 01 Mar 2013

    Australian Institute of Company Directors

    Senior Lecturer Catherine Hardy has been quoted in a feature story on digital disruption, in Australian Institute of Company Directors magazine

See all Newsroom items for Catherine Hardy